1868-1880        United States Senate

Hiram Rhodes Revels
(1822-1901)
Party: Republican
State: Mississippi
Term: 41st Congress (1870-1871)


Blanche K. Bruce
(1841-1881)
Party: Republican
State: Mississippi
Term: 44th-46th Congresses (1875-1881)


1868-1880        United States House of Representatives

John Willis Menard*
(1838-1893)
Party: Republican
District: Louisiana
Term: 40th Congress (1868)
*Elected to office, but not seated


Joseph H. Rainey
(1832-1887)
Party: Republican
State: South Carolina
Term: 41st-45th Congresses (1870-1879)


Jefferson F. Long
(1836-1901)
Party: Republican
State: Georgia
Term: 41st Congress (1870-1871)


Robert C. DeLarge
(1842-1874)
Party: Republican
State: South Carolina
Term: 42nd Congress (1871-1873)


Robert B. Elliott
(1842-1884)
Party: Republican
State: South Carolina
Term: 42nd-43rd Congresses (1871-1874)


Benjamin S. Turner
(1825-1894)
Party: Republican
State: Alabama
Term: 42nd Congress (1871-1873)


Josiah T. Walls
(1842-1905)
Party: Republican       
State: Florida
Term: 42nd, 43rd and 44th Congresses
(1871-1873, 1873-1875 and 1875-1876)


Richard Harvey Cain
(1825-1887)
Party: Republican
State: South Carolina
Term: 43rd and 45th Congresses
(1873-1875 and 1877-1879)


John R. Lynch
(1847-1939)
Party: Republican
State: Mississippi
Term: 43rd-44th and 47th Congresses
(1873-1877 and 1882-1883)


James T. Rapier
(1837-1883)
Party: Republican
State: Alabama
Term: 43rd Congress (1873-1875)


Alonzo J. Ransier
(1834-1882)
Party: Republican
State: South Carolina
Term: 43rd Congress (1873-1875)


Jeremiah Haralson
(1846-1916)
Party: Republican
State: Alabama
Term: 44th Congress (1875-1877)


John Adams Hyman
(1840-1891)
Party: Republican
State: North Carolina
Term: 44th Congress (1875-1877)


Charles E. Nash
(1844-1913)
Party: Republican
State: Louisiana
Term: 44th Congress (1875-1877)


James E. O’Hara
(1844-1905)
Party: Republican
State: North Carolina
Term: 48th-49th Congresses (1883-1887)


Robert Smalls
(1839-1915)
Party: Republican
State: South Carolina
Term: 44th-45th, 47th and 48th-49th Congresses
(1875-1879, 1882-1883 and 1884-1887)


Henry P. Cheatham
(1857-1935)
Party: Republican
State: North Carolina
Term: 51st-52nd Congresses (1889-1893)



1880-1890        United States House of Representatives

John M. Langston
(1829-1897)
Party: Republican
State: Virginia
Term: 51st Congress (1890-1891)


Thomas E. Miller
(1849-1936)
Party: Republican
State: South Carolina
Term: 51st Congress (1890-1891)


George W. Murray
(1853-1926)
Party: Republican
State: South Carolina
Term: 53rd-54th Congresses
(1983-1895 and 1896-1897)


1890-1900        United States House of Representatives

George H. White
(1852-1918)
Party: Republican
State: North Carolina
Term: 55th-58th Congresses (1897-1901)


1920-1930        United States House of Representatives

Oscar S. DePriest
(1871-1951)
Party: Republican
State: Illinois
Term: 71st-73rd Congresses (1929-1935)


1960-1970         United State Senate

Edward W. Brooke
(1919- )
Party: Republican
State: Massachusetts
Term: 90th-95th
Congresses (1967-1979)


1990-2000        United States House of Representatives

Gary A. Franks
(1953- )
Party: Republican
State: Connecticut
Term: 102nd-04th
Congresses (1991-1997)

J.C. Watts, Jr.
(1957- )
Party: Republican
State: Oklahoma
Term: 104th-07th
Congresses (1995-2003)

2010-2020          United States House of Representatives

Allen West
(1961- )
Party: Republican
State: Florida
Term: 112nd
Congress (2011-2013)

Tim Scott
(1960- )
Party: Republican
State: South Carolina
Term: 112nd
Congress (2011-2013)
US Senate (2013-?)
Copyright 2013. All content and rights are reserved by The Frederick Douglass Foundation, Inc.

  • Firs t Black American to
    Mi ssissippi began his
    service in the Senate on
    February 25, 1870

  • Representative elected to
    Congress Joseph Rainey
    of South Carolina began
    his service in the House
    of Representatives on
    December 12, 1870.

  • First African-American
    Representative to Floor
    Jefferson Long of
    Georgia spoke on the
    House Floor in 1871.

  • First African-American
    Representative to
    preside over a House
    session Joseph Rainey of
    South Carolina presided
    over the House in 1874.

  • First African American to
    chair a congressional
    committee Blanche Bruce
    of Mississippi became
    chairman of Senate Select
    Committee on the
    Mississippi River in 1877.

  • First African American
    popularly elected to the
    Senate Edward Brooke of
    Massachusetts was
    elected to the Senate in
    1966.
Lift Every Voice and Sing
By James Weldon Johnson

He was an American author, active
Republican, politician, diplomat, critic,
journalist, poet, anthologist, educator,
lawyer, songwriter, and early civil rights
activist

Lift every voice and sing
Till earth and heaven ring,
Ring with the harmonies of Liberty;
Let our rejoicing rise
High as the listening skies,
Let it resound loud as the rolling sea.
Sing a song full of the faith
That the dark past has taught us,
Sing a song full of the hope
That the present has brought us,
Facing the rising sun of our new day
begun
Let us march on till victory is won.

Stony the road we trod,
Bitter the chastening rod,
Felt in the days when hope unborn
had died;
Yet with a steady beat,
Have not our weary feet
Come to the place for which our
fathers sighed?
We have come over a way
That with tears have been watered,
We have come, treading our path
Through the blood of the
slaughtered,
Out from the gloomy past,
Till now we stand at last
Where the white gleam of our bright
star is cast.

God of our weary years,
God of our silent tears,
Thou who has brought us thus far
on the way;
Thou who has by Thy might
Led us into the light,
Keep us forever in the path, we pray.
Lest our feet stray from the places,
Our God, where we met Thee;
Lest, our hearts drunk
With the wine of the world, we forget
Thee;
Shadowed beneath Thy hand,
May we forever stand.
True to our GOD,
True to our native land.


The History Behind the Words  
"Lift Every Voice and Sing" (now also
known as "Lift Ev'ry Voice and Sing") was
publicly performed first as a poem as part
of a celebration of Lincoln's Birthday on
February 12, 1900 by 500 school children
at the segregated Stanton School. Its
principal, James Weldon Johnson, wrote
the words to introduce its honored guest
Booker T. Washington
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